Virginia Real Estate License Guide

Quick Facts

virginia licensing logo

Virginia Real Estate Governing Body:

Virginia Real Estate Board

PreLicensing Requirements:

60 hours

СЕ Requirements:

16 hours

How to Get a Virginia Real Estate License

The process of securing your Virginia real estate license can be quite difficult if you don’t have the right details but we have simplified everything for you in this guide.

Below are the steps you need to take on how to get your Virginia real estate license. First, you must make sure you meet these requirements:

  1. You must be at least 18 years old
  2. Have earned an high school diploma or equivalent

Step 1: Finish the sixty hours of authorized pre-licensing educationsmall group of students studying

The sixty-hours authorized pre-licensing education is a course in which you must complete before you can take the real estate license examination in Virginia. This course will help you easily pass the exam if you take studying the course seriously. Those that have licenses in other jurisdictions but want to get a Virginia real estate license should check out the Virginia Real Estate Board website for your unique exam and education requirements.

Step 2: Pass the course final examination 

After finishing all your pre-licensing course materials, the next thing you need to do is pass the course final examination. If you don’t pass this final course exam, your real estate license cannot be issued to you. For you to pass this exam, you need to have at least 75 percent of the questions correct.

Happy woman studying and smilingAlso, you must finish this final exam under the supervision of a proctor. As a result of this, you need to ensure you schedule an appointment with a proctor before your final exam date. For those in Virginia, because of the Covid-19 restrictions, you are required to complete the final exam online with the aid of e-proctoring. It is a temporary measure because of state regulations.

The cost of the proctored final exam is twenty-five dollars. You cannot take your proctored exam with a mobile phone or a tablet, it must be taken on either a desktop computer or a laptop.

Step 3: Pass the real estate salesperson exam in Virginia

In Virginia, it is the PSI that is in charge of administering the real estate salesperson licensing exam. The Virginia real estate salesperson exam has one hundred and twenty questions in it. It is divided into two portions–the national and state portion. You will need to finish both portions within 150 minutes. You will use 45 minutes to answer the forty state-specific questions while you will use 105 minutes to answer eighty national questions.studying at coffee shop

For you to pass the national portion of the exam, you need to answer fifty-six questions correctly while to pass the state portion of the exam, you need to pass thirty questions correctly.

You should know that your digital photo will be needed for you to take the PSI exam. There are many approved real estate schools you can enroll with that would teach you about ways you can easily pass your Virginia real estate exam. Your score will be sent to you instantly after submitting your examination.

Step 4: Submit your fingerprints

Before you can become a licensed real estate agent in Virginia, you must get your fingerprints taken at any Virginia PSI testing location. For those that live outside of Virginia, you are also mandated to get your fingerprints taken at a PSI testing location. After getting your fingerprints taken, you must submit a complete application to the board in a file within forty-five days. If you don’t get that done within that period, you will need to get your fingerprints taken again for an additional fee.

Step 5: Choose a sponsoring broker

women studying for licensing examA sponsoring broker is more like a mentor that will determine how successful you will be in the real estate industry. So, you should carefully choose whoever this person or licensed real estate company would be so your real estate career is not ruined. Before you can become a licensed real estate agent in Virginia, you must have an association with an active sponsoring broker in Virginia. Do thorough research about the global and local reputation of your potential sponsoring broker, find out if you will be entitled to benefits, commission, and educational opportunities and training that will enhance your growth as a real estate agent.

  1. You can choose either a real estate brokerage boutique or a national real estate brokerage – While a real estate brokerage boutique will provide you with mentorship and a lot of personalized attention, a national real estate brokerage will offer you many resources and opportunities that will aid your growth. So, choose the one that is appropriate for your needs.
  2. Look for a real estate brokerage that suits your style – Look for a brokerage that has the same market niche, interest, and values as you. Before you do that, create a checklist of what your preferred market niche is, what your values and interests are. After doing that, go ahead and look for those companies that have the same things you have written down.
  3. Create a plan around your broker rate – As a potential real estate agent, you must know that all real estate companies don’t have the same commission splits. So, you will need to compare the commission rates of different brokerages and settle for the one that offers the commission rate that suits your financial needs.

Step 6: Finish your application

The moment you successfully meet all the requirements, you must finish your application and send it through snail mail. You should get your license within 4-6 weeks.


If you follow all the steps contained in this guide, the process of attaining your real estate license in Virginia would be seamless.

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Virginia Real Estate Licensing FAQs

Brokers react as Compass gobbles up GlideVirginia is one of the easiest states you can become a real estate agent. This is due to several licensing regulations and requirements: 

  • The prelicensing coursework is short – much shorter than other states. In Virginia, you only need 60 hours of education to become a real estate agent. That’s 50%-66% less than some other states. 
  • Virginia is one of the few states that has full reciprocity with other states. This means that no matter in which state you got your real estate license, it will either be valid in Virginia or will require less effort to acquire a new Virginia real estate license.
  • You can retake the real estate licensing exam as many times as you need until you pass it.

man studying for licensing examThe longest part about getting your Virginia real estate license is taking the Virginia prelicensing coursework. Thankfully, that can be finished in only a week-week and a half as it’s also available online. 

Once you’re done with the course, you can register to take the final licensing exam. The period between your registration and taking the exam depends on how many people register at the same time as you do, but it’s usually around two weeks.

Although it’s one of the shorter processes to become an agent, remember that the exam results are valid for only one year after passing the exam, so you’d have to apply and receive the license within that time. 

After passing the exam, you should provide a fingerprint scan. Usually, the fingerprinting process lasts anywhere between 4 to 6 weeks, and only after you receive the results you can submit a license application, but no later than 45 days after you received the fingerprint results. 

counting moneyThe annual mean wage in Virginia is $64,210, which is higher than the national average of $60,086. The 90th percentile yearly wage is $105,640, which means that the 10% highest-paid real estate agents make more than $105,000 per year.  

Because of the combination of low entry barriers and high compensation, being a real estate agent in Virginia can be a successful and profitable career choice.

virginia licensing logoThe Real Estate Board licenses salespersons, brokers, and firms representing others in real estate transactions. The Board also enforces Fair Housing Law in cases involving real estate licensees and their employees.

The board is basically the one stop shop when it comes to real estate licensing in Virginia. They control everything from how to get your license, to maintaining your license, and help hold real estate agents accountable.

You will need to be familiar with the board even after obtaining your licensing.

Virginia has full reciprocity with all other US states as long as the following conditions are met:

  • The applicant has been actively involved in real estate affairs for 24 of the past 36 months.
  • The applicant’s real estate license has to be active.
  • There have been no disciplinary measures taken against the applicant in their licensing state.
  • The applicant has taken the 60-hour Virginia prelicensing coursework.
  • The applicant has passed the state portion of the Virginia real estate exam.

US map

money and calculator imageIt depends. The most substantial portion of the cost is taken up by the prelicensing coursework cost. It can go as low as $200 up to $1,000 or more depending on the provider you choose. 

Other than the coursework cost, additional known costs are: 

  • A non-refundable license application fee of $150 
  • Examination fee to take the Virginia real estate exam which is $60
  • A fingerprint scan fee of $52

Besides these, you should consider any prep course costs, books, membership fees, and other costs that may arise.

You’re not required to provide a college degree to become a real estate agent in Virginia. But you do need a high school degree or an equivalent education to be eligible for a real estate license.

There are two main ways to apply for a real estate license in Virginia: 

  • On your own through your education provider. Your education provider should provide your eligibility to PSI, and once they do that, you can register to take the exam online, through the mail, phone, or fax. 
  • Through reciprocity with another US state. If you’re applying through reciprocity, you would have to provide your current license number and only pass the state portion of the exam. Check with the Virginia Real Estate Board for more details.

counting on a chalkboardVirginia is one of the few states where you can retake the real estate exam as many times as you need.

If you fail only one portion of the exam, you can retake only that portion, regardless of which one it is. You need to retake it within one year of the first examination; otherwise, the passed portion of the exam will stop being valid.

The Virginia real estate exam is split into two parts – the national part that has 80 points and the state-specific part that has 40 questions. 

The national portion covers the following 11 areas: 

  • Property ownership
  • Land use controls and regulations
  • Valuation and market analysis
  • Financing
  • General principles of agency
  • Property disclosures
  • Contracts
  • Leasing and property management
  • Transfer of Title
  • Practice of real estate
  • Real estate calculations

The state portion covers the following areas: 

  • State legislation 
  • License law
  • Transfer taxes
  • Property taxes
  • Fair housing

You have 150 minutes to complete the exam – 105 minutes for the national portion and 45 minutes for the state portion. You should answer 70% of the questions correctly from the national portion (56 questions) and 75% of the state portion (30 questions). 

pexels-thirdman-8470836Around 70% of students pass the Virginia real estate examination, which is a high number considering the fact that in some states, the pass rate can be as low as 40%.

The exam is administered on a computer and lasts for 150 minutes, 105 for the national portion, and 45 minutes for the state portion. Once this time passes or you’re done with answering, you will receive an on-screen message with your result. If you pass, you will receive a successful notification along with your performance summary. If you fail, on the other hand, you will receive an unsuccessful message along with a report informing you of your strengths and weaknesses.

sold signYes, Virginia has a distinct difference between the two. Brokers are licensed to represent both parties in a transaction and receive a commission for their work. They can also operate independently under a brokerage and also supervise salespersons and associate brokers.

A real estate agent, on the other hand, cannot operate independently. They have to work under a broker, do real estate business on the broker’s behalf and receive all commissions strictly from their supervising broker. 

The requirements to become a real estate broker and a real estate salesperson are different as well. A broker is someone who has previously been a salesperson and has done the work a salesperson does, but a salesperson has to first work under a broker and can never do the work a broker does unsupervised. 

shaking handsFinding a good sponsoring broker is crucial for your success. You need to be led by a qualified person that has the education, knowledge, and experience they can transfer to you and prepare you for the next step in your career. 

When you look for a sponsoring broker, some of the things you should consider are: 

  • What is their reputation locally and nationally?
  • How long have they been in the industry?
  • How long have they been doing real estate affairs in Virginia? 
  • Do they own their own real estate? 
  • Are they up-to-date with the latest news, technologies, and regulations? 
  • Do they focus their attention on new agents? 
  • Can you advance your career when working under them? 

Make sure you do your research before you settle for a specific broker. As I mentioned before, the sponsoring broker can make or break your career, so analyze your options before you make that final decision. 

The Virginia real estate exam and the national exam are completely different. The national exam tests your knowledge of general real estate principles, while the state portion is meant to test your knowledge of real estate matters specific for the state of Virginia. 

Practicing real estate in Virginia without an official, VREB-issued license is prohibited. Working with an expired license, an invalid license, or no license can impose a fine and result in jail time.

woman studyingAfter initially obtaining your real estate salesperson license in Virginia, you will be required to attend continuing education classes to renew it. Licenses are issued for a 12-month period, and to renew them, you will be required to attend at least one 8-hour continuing education course provided by an accredited institution. 

Four of the eight hours in the courses should be from the subjects of fair housing law, state real estate laws and regulations, and ethics and standards of conduct. Other accepted subjects are the subjects covered in the real estate exam.

entryway of homeBecoming a real estate agent in Virginia with a criminal record is not impossible, but it’s certainly more difficult. You would have to report any misdemeanors, convictions, and previous offenses you may have in your criminal report when you submit your application. 

After you do this, the Virginia Real Estate Board will look at your application and decide whether or not they would allow you to proceed with your licensing.